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Saturday, April 16, 2016

इस्लाम द्वारा क्रमिक गुलामी निर्मूलन

इस्लाम द्वारा क्रमिक गुलामी निर्मूलन ☝..

मज़दूर किसी भी देश या व्यवस्था का महत्वपूर्ण अंग होता है....

जिस वक्त मुहम्मद(सल.) ने इस्लाम का पैगाम दिया... दूर दराज के इलाकों से लोग पकड़ कर लाये जाते थे उन्हें खरीद कर जिंदगी भर के लिए गुलाम बना लिया जाता था... और फिर उन्हें हमेशा के लिये बस रोटी और कपड़े पर बेगार(गुलामी/सेवा) करनी पड़ती थी...

गुलामो की हालत बहुत ही दयनीय होती थी उनपर तरह तरह के जुल्म होते थे और निहायत सख्त काम के बदले उन्हें भरपेट खाना भी नसीब नहीं होता था...

इस्लाम ने इन गुलामों की आजादी के लिये निहायत खूबसूरत तरीके से काम किया..

1⃣ ✍
मुसलमानों को गुलाम को आजाद करने पर जन्नत की बशारत (शुभ-सूचना) दी गयी....

2⃣
हज़रत बिलाल (रदी.) जो कि एक हब्शी गुलाम थे उन्हें खरीदकर आजाद किया गया और बाद में वे मक्का में अजान देने के ऊंचे दर्जे पर पहुंचे...

   कुरआनमें गुलामों से अच्छा सुलूक करने व उन्हें आजाद करने संबंधी आयते...✍

3⃣
        तुममें जो बेजोड़े (UNMARRIED)के हों और तुम्हारे ग़ुलामों और तुम्हारी लौंडियों मे जो नेक और योग्य हों, उनका विवाह कर दो। यदि वे ग़रीब होंगे तो अल्लाह अपने उदार अनुग्रह से उन्हें समृद्ध कर देगा। अल्लाह बड़ी समाईवाला, सर्वज्ञ है ...
(कुरआन 24:32)

4⃣
... और जिन (लौंडी/गुलाम) पर तुम्हें स्वामित्व का अधिकार प्राप्त हो उनमें से जो लोग लिखा-पढ़ी (AGREEMENT) के इच्छुक हो उनसे लिखा-पढ़ी कर लो, यदि तुम्हें मालूम हो कि उनमें भलाई है। और उन्हें अल्लाह के माल में से दो, जो उसने तुम्हें प्रदान किया है। और अपनी लौंडियों को सांसारिक जीवन-सामग्री की चाह में व्यविचार के लिए बाध्य न करो, जबकि वे पाकदामन रहना भी चाहती हों। औऱ इसके लिए जो कोई उन्हें (मजबूर) बाध्य करेगा, तो निश्चय ही अल्लाह उनके बाध्य किए जाने के पश्चात अत्यन्त क्षमाशील, दयावान है (अर्थात् वे पीड़ित गुनहगार नहीं होंगे)
कुरआन (24:33)

5⃣
इस्लामी काल में किसने कितने गुलाम आज़ाद किए...❓..

पैगम्बर मुहम्मद (सल.)       63

खलीफा अबूबकर (रदी.)     63

अब्दुर्रहमान बिन औफ़ (रदी.)   30,000

हाकिम बिन हुज़ाम (रदी.)  100

हज. अब्बास (रदी.)          70

माँ आयशा (रदी.)              69

अब्दुल्लाह बिन उमर (रदी.) 100

हज. उस्मान (रदी.)  हर शुक्रवार 1

हज. ज़ुल-किलाह (रदी.) 80,000 (1ही दिनमें आजाद किए)

✍✍

इस तरह गुलामो को आजाद करने की परंपरा ही शुरू हो गई....

इन तथ्यों से यह साफ हो जाता है कि अल्लाह हर शख्स को आजाद देखना चाहता है....और चाहता है कि सबको अपनी जिंदगी गुजारने का हक मिले...

Thursday, April 7, 2016

The Hanafiyyah school

Hanafi
General Information

Aba Hanafa, Nu'man Abu Hanifah (d. 767)

DoctrinesThe Hanafiyyah school is the first of the four orthodox Sunni schools of law. It is distinguished from the other schools through its placing less reliance on mass oral traditions as a source of legal knowledge. It developed the exegesis of the Qur'an through a method of analogical reasoning known as Qiyas. It also established the principle that the universal concurrence of the Ummah (community) of Islam on a point of law, as represented by legal and religious scholars, constituted evidence of the will of God. This process is called ijma', which means the consensus of the scholars. Thus, the school definitively established the Qur'an, the Traditions of the Prophet, ijma' and qiyas as the basis of Islamic law. In addition to these, Hanafi accepted local customs as a secondary source of the law.

History

The Hanafi school of law was founded by Nu'man Abu Hanifah (d.767) in Kufa in Iraq. It derived from the bulk of the ancient school of Kufa and absorbed the ancient school of Basra. Abu Hanifah belonged to the period of the successors (tabiin) of the Sahabah (the companions of the Prophet). He was a Tabi'i since he had the good fortune to have lived during the period when some of the Sahabah were still alive. Having originated in Iraq, the Hanafi school was favoured by the first 'Abbasid caliphs in spite of the school's opposition to the power of the caliphs.

The privileged position which the school enjoyed under the 'Abbasid caliphate was lost with the decline of the 'Abbasid caliphate. However, the rise of the Ottoman empire led to the revival of Hanafi fortunes. Under the Ottomans the judgement-seats were occupied by Hanafites sent from Istanbul, even in countries where the population followed another madhhab. Consequently, the Hanafi madhhab became the only authoritative code of law in the public life and official administration of justice in all the provinces of the Ottoman empire. Even today the Hanafi code prevails in the former Ottoman countries. It is also dominant in Central Asia and India.

Symbols
The Hanafi school of jurisprudence has no distinctive symbol system.

Adherents

There are no official figures for the number of followers of the Hanafi school of law. It is followed by the vast majority of people in the Muslim world.

Headquarters / Main Centre

The school has no headquarters as such. It is followed by the majority of the Muslim population Of Turkey, Albania, the Balkans, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, India and Iraq.

Sunday, February 14, 2016

Are the five daily prayers mentioned in the Qur’aan?



We all know that the Quran is our major source for anything about islam, but it is more likely to be a kind of abstract this means when it comes to details we need the sunna as a 2nd reference.

Now let's see what we can find in Quran:

Maintain with care the [obligatory] prayers and [in particular] the middle prayer and stand before Allah , devoutly obedient.

[Surat al-Baqara (2:238)]

And establish prayer at the two ends of the day and at the approach of the night. Indeed, good deeds do away with misdeeds. That is a reminder for those who remember.

[Surat Hud (11:114)]

O you who have believed, let those whom your right hands possess and those who have not [yet] reached puberty among you ask permission of you [before entering] at three times: before the dawn prayer and when you put aside your clothing [for rest] at noon and after the night prayer. [These are] three times of privacy for you. There is no blame upon you nor upon them beyond these [periods], for they continually circulate among you - some of you, among others. Thus does Allah make clear to you the verses; and Allah is Knowing and Wise.

[Surat an-Nur (24:58)]

Verse 1 tells us that the number of prayers will be odd and this means we have at least 3 prayers.

Verse 2 tells as that during daylight we have 2 prayers (duhr and a'sr) and one when the night approaches (al-maghrib) (see also this Fatwa in Arabic): With (only) this information it's still possible that we only have 3 prayers, but

Verse 3 which teaches us about the resting times mention clearly the fajr/sobh prayer and the I'sha prayer as the fajr itself is a not mentioned time in the 2 Verses before we find out we really have 5 prayers mentioned in the quran!

Now we find we have 5 prayerers or prayer times mentioned in the Quran.

By the way we could also include some other Verses to explain for example:

Establish prayer at the decline of the sun [from its meridian] until the darkness of the night and [also] the Qur'an of dawn. Indeed, the recitation of dawn is ever witnessed.

[Surat al-Isra' (17:78)]

Which mentioned indirectly the prayers from duhr until i'sha' and by the mentioned recitation of dawn the fajr prayer! See also thisFatwa in Arabic

Just as an addition

the sentence أقِمِ الصلاة = establish prayer (singular form) was quoted 5 times in the Quran. The sentence أقيموا الصلاة= establish prayer (plural form) was quoted 12 times in the Quran.

As we know 12+5=17 which is the sum of the raka'at of our daily fard prayers!

The Verse 1 from above is written in the Moshaf as follows حَفِظُوا عَلَى الصَّلَوَتِ وَالصَّلَوةِ الْوُسْطَى وَقُومُوا لِلَّهِ قَنِتِينَ

if we count the number of Arabic letters at the right and left from the expression وَالصَّلَوةِ الْوُسْطَى = and the middle prayer

We find it to be the exact middle of the Verse and each part at the left and right has 14 Arabic letters and if we ignore the independence of the letter "وَ" before "قُومُوا لِلَّهِ قَنِتِينَ" (and this makes this count a bit weak in my Opinion) we could say that each part left right and middle of this Verse consists of 3 words and again 3+14=17.

And Allah knows best

Wednesday, February 19, 2014

بيوت “ ‏​إرم ذات العماد “ التي لم يخلق مثلها في البلاد ،، ! هل رآها منكم أحد ؟ .. هذه صور لإرم المُكتشفة تحت كثبان الأحقاف في سلطنه عمان منطقة [ ظفار ] ..


بيوت “ ‏​إرم ذات العماد “
التي لم يخلق مثلها في البلاد ،، !
هل رآها منكم أحد ؟ ..
هذه صور لإرم المُكتشفة
تحت كثبان الأحقاف
في سلطنه عمان منطقة [ ظفار ] ،،

كنت أتساءل قبل أن أرى الصور :
كيف كانت بيوتهم حين أقرأ قول الله تعالى :
•{ وينحتون من الجبال بيوتاً }•
ما أعظم هذا الدين وهذا الكتاب وما أدق
توصيفه لكلمات قصصه ،، #
سبحان الله
فعلا لم يخلق مثلها في البلاد..